Cynthia Mog

Subscribe to all posts by Cynthia Mog

When does 10% PBU really mean 5% PBU?

When the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) says it does.  (For those of you that want to remind yourselves of how a bill becomes a law, such as the IRC, see this video from Schoolhouse Rock).         As you may know, issuers of governmental-use bonds are generally permitted to use up to 10% of the tax-exempt … Continue Reading

Love Me Tender [Bonds] – An Overview

The famous song, Love Me Tender, by Elvis Presley, includes lyrics such as “We’ll never part” and about being together “ ’Til the end of time.”  In contrast to Elvis’ wish, the issuer of tax-exempt bonds that makes a tender offer is hoping the exact opposite happens to the relationship between the bondholder and tax-exempt … Continue Reading

Abusive Arbitrage Devices – It’s Time to Get Reacquainted 3/3

(Episode 3 – What Happens to the Arbitrage Sinners and the Arbitrage Saints?) As you may remember, in Episode 1 we discussed some background regarding the prohibition against abusive arbitrage devices and the policy behind that prohibition – to encourage investment of tax-exempt bond proceeds in long-lived, tangible assets, while discouraging the generation of arbitrage … Continue Reading

Abusive Arbitrage Devices – It’s Time to Get Reacquainted (2/3)

(Episode 2 – Overburdening (Generally) Not Allowed) As you may remember, in the first episode, we discussed how the federal government’s primary goal in subsidizing tax-exempt bonds is to encourage investment by issuers in long-lived, tangible assets. We also discussed how the federal government has tried to keep issuers on the intended path by preventing … Continue Reading

IRS Notice 2019-39: Perpetuating the Gift of Targeted Bond Programs, but Creating Confusion about the Tax-Exempt Current Refunding of Build America Bonds

To promote the provision of disaster relief and the development (or redevelopment) of economically distressed areas, Congress will at times enact targeted bond programs that authorize the issuance of specialized tax-exempt bonds.  Tax-exempt targeted bond programs frequently contain both a cap on the amount of tax-exempt bonds that can be issued under the program and … Continue Reading

Infrastructure – Stays In the USA (Please Help)

According to the Federal Trade Commission’s website, only products made with “all or virtually all” U.S. parts that are processed in the U.S. may bear the cherished Made in the USA label.   In addition, according to the FTC’s guidelines, products that include foreign parts, but that are assembled in the U.S., may bear an Assembled … Continue Reading

A Reshuffling of the 8038 Deck

The IRS recently released a new Form 8038-G, which is the information return for issues of tax-exempt governmental bonds, and a new Form 8038, which is the information return for tax-exempt private activity bonds.  In addition, the IRS has released draft instructions for each form.  The revised forms are in part a response to changes … Continue Reading

Kicking the Sequestration Can Down the Road

This past summer, I wrote a blog post showing how the sequestration rate, which reduces federal subsidy payments to issuers of “Direct Pay Bonds” (defined below), has generally been decreasing since the spending cuts enacted by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (“BCA”) began on March 1, 2013.  As a reminder, sequestration refers to the automatic, … Continue Reading

Diagnosis – Unhealthy Financials Cause Another 501(c)(3) Hospital To Lose Its Favorable Tax Status

A few months ago, I wrote a blog post about a hospital that had its Section 501(c)(3) status revoked by the IRS. In that case, the IRS found that the hospital had committed willful and egregious violations of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”).  For example, the hospital was not conducting a community … Continue Reading

A Christmas Tax Story

Over the last six weeks, my colleagues have posted numerous insightful posts about the various tax bills’ impact on tax-advantaged bonds (see here, here and here).   For our readers who have been entirely consumed by those provisions of the bill, I thought it would be helpful to highlight some of the other provisions of the … Continue Reading

When Gratuitous Honesty May be the Best Policy?

A few years ago, I wrote two blog posts (#1 and #2) regarding the likely penalties that a hospital qualifying for Section 501(c)(3) status (a “501(c)(3) hospital”) would incur if it failed to comply with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) provisions set forth in Section 501(r) of the Internal Revenue Code of … Continue Reading

Moving On Down – In the Right Direction

In contrast to the theme song, “Movin’ on Up”, from the 1970s sitcom The Jeffersons, sometimes “moving on down” is better in certain circumstances. For example, it is preferable when discussing the sequestration rate for direct pay bonds.  Since sequestration began during the fiscal year ending September 30, 2013, the sequestration rate (i.e., the portion … Continue Reading

The P3 Wars Continue – Trump vs. Texas vs. Tolls (the T3s)

A few years ago, I wrote a blog post entitled “The P3 Wars”  in which I provided a brief explanation of how a P3 (i.e., a public-private partnership) works, and the general arguments for and against the use of P3s.  More recently, President Trump proposed a $1 trillion U.S. infrastructure plan that likely includes the … Continue Reading

Potential Changes for Churches and Charities Regarding Political Campaigning

A few weeks ago, President Trump announced that he would advocate for the repeal of the prohibition against certain religious organizations (i.e., those exempt from paying federal income taxes under Section 501(c)(3)) from engaging in political campaigning.  His statement was made at the National Prayer Breakfast to a group of religious leaders.  However, since the … Continue Reading

What Makes a Bond “Green”?

Most people agree that a “bond” is a financial instrument pursuant to which a creditor (holder of the bond) lends money to a borrower (the issuer of the bond) over a specified period of time in exchange for a periodic interest payment. However, although I occasionally see headlines about green bonds being issued, it was … Continue Reading

What Happens When the IRS and Issuer Agree to Disagree?

My last blog post was about how, as a result of a change in the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”), the IRS will be altering the manner in which it audits many partnerships (and limited liability companies that are taxed as partnerships under the Code). In a nutshell, for tax years beginning on or after January … Continue Reading

What’s in your Partnership Agreement? Why Non-Taxpaying Entities Should Care About Allocations of Taxable Income.

Even before the advent of P3s (public-private-partnerships), it was not uncommon for a governmental entity or a 501(c)(3) to enter into a joint venture with a for-profit, taxpaying entity. Sometimes these joint ventures take the form of either a state law partnership or a state law limited liability company (“LLC”).  Most LLCs are taxed as … Continue Reading
LexBlog